жінка woman
Parts of speech

Nouns

жінка, gen. жінки - woman, also wife

жіноцтво - women in general, womankind

Adjectives

жіночий - pertaining or relating to a woman, female, feminine (including grammatical gender), womanly

жінчин - pertaining or relating to one's wife, wife's

Adverbs

 

 

Verbs

 

 

Useful compounds
and collocations

 

Additional information

1. жіночка- 'little woman' (the diminutive of жінка) is sometimes used in Ukraine to describe or address a woman, but is considered by many to be derogatory, patronising or sarcastic

2. жінка also traditionally has the meaning wife, but these days дружина is considered more polite

3. the vowel 'і' in жінка alternates with 'е' in some older related words , also with 'о'(see below).

Related words

женитися - to get married (about a man, literally, 'to wive'); still sometimes used today, with preference given to одружуватися

жених - suitor (archaic in both languages!)

багатоженець - polygamist

двоєженець - bigamist

жонатий - married (about a man, literally 'wived'); these days одружений is more frequently used

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© 2016 Marta Jenkala