спати to sleep
Parts of speech

Nouns

сон  gen. сну - sleep; dream (see below)

спання gen. спання - sleep, sleeping

сплячка gen. сплячки - sleepiness; sleeping sickness

Adjectives

спальний - relating to sleep

сплячий - sleeping (person)

сонний, сонливий - sleepy, drowsy

Adverbs

сонливо - sleepily, drowsily

 

Verbs

(по)спати - to sleep (have a sleep)

спатки, спатоньки, спаточки - to sleep (diminutives, normally used with children)

спатусі - to (go to) sleep (informal diminutive, normally used with children)

спатися - to sleep (used in phrases as described below)

не спатися - not to be able to sleep (see below)

снитися - to appear in a dream (see below)

Useful compounds
and collocations

іти спати - to go to bed

спальний вагон - sleeping car (on train)

спальний мішок - sleeping bag

Чому під час дощу добре спиться? - Why do we sleep soundly when it's raining?

мені не спиться - I can't sleep (impersonal construction)

(мені) снилося - (I) had a dream, dreamt (about)

Additional information

1. сон and спати are both given on this page as they are etymologically related: the Old Slavonic сънъ has evolved from the (reconstructed) Proto-Slavic form съпнъ (both forms are related to the Greek ύπνος and the Latin somnus)

2. 'мені й не снилося' - 'the thought never entered my head'

3. A traditional New Year's wish: 'Хай тобі в Новому Році добре спиться і на боці, й горілиць, і носом вниз, і в гостях, і вдома - скрізь' - 'In the New Year may your sleep always be both sound and deep - on your back, your nose, your side, as guests, at home, where you reside.

Related words

спальня - bedroom

сплюх, спанько (also сонько) - sleepyhead

засипляти, засинати - to fall asleep

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